Although most macaques are found in Asia, Barbary macaques hail from the mountainous regions of Algeria and Morocco on the African continent, with a small population also in Gibraltar. Other than human beings, they are the only free-living primates in Europe! In a trait unique to primates, males in Barbary macaque communities help raise the infants, even if they are not genetically linked. Barbary macaques are a yellow-brown and gray color with a dark pink face, and they have a small vestigial tail. In the wild, they can live 25-30 years and grow to be 2 feet tall, weighing over 30 pounds. Despite being declared an endangered species, Barbary macaque populations are declining due habitat destruction and illegal poaching that fuels the overseas pet trade.